End of Semester Exam Questions for Psychology

Using the violation of social norms approach, which of the following persons is engaged in abnormal behavior?
November 6, 2019
Theories of Life-Span Development
November 6, 2019

End of Semester Exam Questions for Psychology

Question 1

 

REBT is based on the assumption that:

 

[removed] a. Humans have a biological tendency to think irrationally
[removed] b. Humans have a biological tendency to think rationally
[removed] c. Both a and b
[removed] d. None of the above

 

2 points

 

Question 2

 

_____________ is the behavioral intervention used to gradually increase the quality of a behavior.

 

[removed] a. Shaping
[removed] b. Extinction
[removed] c. Stimulus control
[removed] d. Aversive control

 

2 points

 

Question 3

 

DBT utilizes a behavioral technique in which the client learns to tolerate painful emotions without enacting self-destructive behaviors known as:

 

[removed] a. Positive reinforcement
[removed] b. Negative reinforcement
[removed] c. Exposure
[removed] d. Punishment

 

2 points

 

Question 4

 

In reality therapy, behavior is affected by:

 

[removed] a. The impact of external stimuli on behavior
[removed] b. Unconscious conflicts
[removed] c. Current inner motivation
[removed] d. All of the above

 

2 points

 

Question 5

 

In reality therapy, the skilled counselor or therapist treats behavior as:

 

[removed] a. The result of social pressure and limited perceptions of possibilities
[removed] b. Information received from parents and from the surrounding culture
[removed] c. Caused by self-verbalizations that can be helpful or hurtful
[removed] d. Chosen as a result of unmet wants and needs/font>

 

2 points

 

Question 6

 

A method in which the counselor or therapist leads the client through a number of questions to become aware of thoughts and distortions in thinking, and to find and implement more adaptive replacements is called:

 

[removed] a. “Socratic Questioning”
[removed] b. “Platonic Questioning”
[removed] c. A-B-C Model
[removed] d. Reflection

 

2 points

 

Question 7

 

In the A-B-C model proposed by Ellis, the factor that creates the emotional and behavioral consequences is:

 

[removed] a. Activating event
[removed] b. Consequences
[removed] c. Beliefs
[removed] d. None of the above

 

2 points

 

Question 8

 

According to Glasser, human behaviors are composed of:

 

[removed] a. Doing, thinking, feeling, physiology
[removed] b. Doing, resting, sleeping, acting
[removed] c. Responding, initiating, ignoring, acting
[removed] d. None of the above

 

2 points

 

Question 9

 

In practicing reality therapy, counselors and therapists focus on:

 

[removed] a. The interpersonal relationships of the client
[removed] b. Insight into causes of behavior
[removed] c. Family history
[removed] d. Personal history

 

2 points

 

Question 10

 

According to Ellis, the shoulds, oughts, and musts fall under which of the following categories?

 

[removed] a. Self-demandingness
[removed] b. Other-demandingness
[removed] c. World-demandingness
[removed] d. All of the above

 

2 points

 

Question 11

 

In reality therapy, the environment or counseling or psychotherapeutic atmosphere includes which of the following?

 

[removed] a. Attending behaviors
[removed] b. Doing the unexpected
[removed] c. Use of metaphors
[removed] d. All of the above

 

2 points

 

Question 12

 

The DBT model proposes that a successful counseling intervention must meet five critical functions. Which of the following is not one of these functions?

 

[removed] a. Improve and preserve the client’s incentive to change
[removed] b. Boost the client’s capabilities
[removed] c. Ensure the client’s capabilities are specific to his or her environment
[removed] d. Structure the environment so that the treatment can take place

 

2 points

 

Question 13

 

A counselor using CBT might focus on using:

 

[removed] a. Pharmacotherapy
[removed] b. Dream analysis
[removed] c. Transference
[removed] d. Risk-taking exercises

 

2 points

 

Question 14

 

DBT is driven by three theories. Which of the following is not one of those?

 

[removed] a. Behavior therapy
[removed] b. Biosocial theory of BPD
[removed] c. Dialectics
[removed] d. Gestalt theory

 

2 points

 

Question 15

 

Which of the following is true about REBT?

 

[removed] a. REBT was influenced by Rogers’ core conditions of counseling.
[removed] b. REBT was influenced by Freud’s concept of the unconscious.
[removed] c. REBT was influenced by Frankl’s logotherapy.
[removed] d. None of the above

 

2 points

 

Question 16

 

_______________ is the sense of personal competence or feelings of mastery.

 

[removed] a. Self-concept
[removed] b. Self-esteem
[removed] c. Self-efficacy
[removed] d. Self-control

 

2 points

 

Question 17

 

Which of the following is associated with reality therapy?

 

[removed] a. WDEP system
[removed] b. Choice theory
[removed] c. SAMIICCC
[removed] d. All of the above

 

2 points

 

Question 18

 

Cognitive therapy has been criticized for its focus on:

 

[removed] a. Internal events (thinking)
[removed] b. Direct observation
[removed] c. Listening procedures
[removed] d. Intellectual understanding

 

2 points

 

Question 19

 

Which of the following is not consistent with REBT theory?

 

[removed] a. Events or other people make us feel bad or good.
[removed] b. Thinking, feeling, and behaving are interconnected.
[removed] c. Emotional distress results from exaggeration, overgeneralization, and invalidated assumptions.
[removed] d. Irrational beliefs emanate from environmental and genetic factors.

 

2 points

 

Question 20

 

A client is partaking in cognitive distortion when he/she exaggerates a negative event to the point that the event has more impact than it deserves. What is this called?

 

[removed] a. Disqualifying the positive
[removed] b. Catastrophizing
[removed] c. All-or-nothing thinking
[removed] d. None of the above

 

2 points

 

Question 21

 

In choice theory, human motivation springs from which of these five sources?

 

[removed] a. Belonging, survival, knowledge, fun, power
[removed] b. Survival, belonging, power, freedom, fun
[removed] c. Power, achievement, enjoyment, information, security
[removed] d. Survival, achievement, love, success, pride

 

2 points

 

Question 22

 

DBT was initially developed to treat:

 

[removed] a. Narcissistic personality disorder
[removed] b. Histrionic personality disorder
[removed] c. Antisocial personality disorder
[removed] d. Borderline personality disorder

 

2 points

 

Question 23

 

The developer of dialectical behavior therapy is:

 

[removed] a. Dr. Marsha Linehan
[removed] b. Dr. Albert Ellis
[removed] c. Dr. Carl Rogers
[removed] d. Dr. Fritz Perls

 

2 points

 

Question 24

 

DBT targets behaviors in descending order beginning with ________.

 

[removed] a. triggers
[removed] b. biosocial susceptibility
[removed] c. suicidal behavior
[removed] d. enhancing respect for self

 

2 points

 

Question 25

 

According to REBT, certain values promote emotional adjustment and mental health. Which of the following is not one of these values?

 

[removed] a. Non-utopian
[removed] b. Low frustration tolerance
[removed] c. Flexibility
[removed] d. High frustration tolerance

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